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高中英语 冲刺练习

发表日期:2020-11-26 作者:沈阳育才家教网 电话:15940093009

第一部分听力(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分30)

第一节(5小题每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的AB三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What will the woman buy for her father?

A. A watch. B. A book. C. A tie.

2. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?

A. An order B. A deliveryman. C. The Spring Festival.

3. What did the woman think the man wanted her to do?

A. Pick up his parents.

B. Lend him her dishes.

C. Help clean his apartment.

4. Where did the woman get a copy of the novel?

A. At a bookstore. B. At the school library. C. At the man’s home.

5. Why does the man refuse to go to the concert at first?

A. He can’t afford the cost.

B. He is not interested in it.

C. He hasn’t brought his student ID.

第二节(15小题每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料, 回答第67题。

6. Why is the man going to New York?

A. To go to university. B. To enjoy a Broadway drama. C. Togoonabusinesstrip

7. Where does the woman suggest the man get a good map?

A. At the visitor’s office.

B. At the train station.

C. At the UN office.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What activity will the man probably do to lose weight?

A. Cycling. B. Running. C. swimming.

9. How much does the woman want to weigh by the end of July?

A. 110pound. B. 120 pounds. C. 135pounds.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. How does the woman know so much about the 57 Annual Grammy Awards?

A. She was present. B. She watched it online. C. She saw it on TV.

11. How many awards were presented in the 56th  Annual Grammy Awards?

A. 81. B. 82. C. 83.

12. With whom did Lady Gaga perform?

A. Tony Bennett. B. Paul Mc Cartney. C. Rihanna.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. How much does the special service cost?

A. . $7.99. B. $8.99. C. $9.99.

14. What did the woman do to the man’s hair?

A. She cut a lot off.

B. She used too much shampoo.

C. It was cut in a nice style.

15. Why is the man getting a haircut today?

A. To deal with workplace accidents.

B. To go to a job interview.

C. To go on vacation.

16. What does the woman’s brother probably do?

A. A manager. B. A lawyer. C. A barber.

听第10段材料,回答第17 20题。

17. Why can’t the clock be sold easily?

A. It has a distinct mark. B. It isn’t valuable. C. It doesn’t work

18. How did the college get the antique glasses?

A. They were presented by Arnolfini.

B. They were given by a previous director.

C. They were bought from an antique market.

19. Which stolen object worries the speaker most?

A. The TV and video recorder.

B. A painting of the college.

C. Examination papers.

20. Who could the speaker probably be?

A. A police officer. B. A college director. C. A witness to the theft,

第二部分 阅读理解(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分40 )

第一节 (15小题;每小题2, 满分30)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABC D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Off-Peak fares are cheaper tickets for traveling on trains that are less busy, offering good value for money. The tickets may require you to travel at specific times of day, days of the week or on a specific route. Where there is more than one Off-Peak fare for a journey, the cheaper fare is called Super Off-Peak.

You can buy Off-Peak tickets any time before you travel, either online or at a local station. The travel restrictions for your Off-Peak ticket will depend on the journey you are making. The tickets must be used on the date shown on the ticket. For Off-Peak return tickets, related journeys must be made on the date shown on your ticket as well.

Children aged live lo fifteen get a 50% discount for all Off-Peak fares. Up to 2 children under 5 years can travel free with each fare paying adult. Railcard holders get 1/3 off all Standard Class Off Peak fares. Senior, and disabled Railcard holders also get I/3 off all First Class Off Peak fares. Please note that minimum fares and time restrictions may apply to tickets bought with a Railcard.

If you plan on a train trip with friends or your family, you may get group travel discounts. Three or four can travel for the price of just two adults—leaving everyone more money to spend on the day out! If you are traveling in a group of ten or more at Off-Peak times, you may be able to obtain a further discount through the train company you are traveling with. Contact the train company directly and be aware that you may need to book tickets in advance.

For more information, please visit www. nationalrail.co.uk.

21. An Off-Peak ticket differs from other tickets in       .

A. its good value for money

B. its convenience

C. the specific trains

D. travel schedules

22. Apart from the Off-Peak fares, you may also save money by      .

A. becoming a VIP

B. traveling at rush time

C. buying tickets online

D. getting group travel discounts

23. What type of writing is this text?

A. An announcement.

B. A ticket booking guide.

C. A business report.

D. A travel review.

B

Tipping isn’t a big part of British culture, unlike in North America, where waiters and waitresses are paid below minimum wage, Tips are usually appreciated, but offering a tip of some services can cause confusion.

In casual restaurants, where you pay for your order at a counter but food is brought to your table, tipping is uncommon. You are welcome to leave a pound or two if you wish. In restaurants where you place your order with a waiter or a waitress and receive your food and bill at your table, it’s customary to tip around 10 percent. In some restaurants, a service charge may be added 1o the bill automatically, typically 10 or 12.5 percent. In this case, you don’t need to add a further tip. When you pay by credit card, the machine may ask if you want to add a tip. Check your bill to see if a service charge has already been added before paying—if so you don’t need to add a tip on the machine. You can request the service charge be removed from your bill if you are unhappy with the service. In some

cases a restaurant may print “service not included” on the bill or menu. This is a request for a tip. You’re not forced to offer anything, but 10 percent would be normal in this situation. Tipping in cafes and fast food restaurant is not expected.

If you use a taxi, round the fare up to the nearest pound shown on the meter. On a journey from or to the airport in a booked minicab you might wish to tip 2 or 3 pounds if the driver helps with your bags.

Be sure to check a country’s tipping culture before you start your trip. For more information, visit TripAdvisor com.

24. According to the text,        in British culture.

A. it is necessary to tip if you are served in cafes

B. it is confusing to tip if you receive your bill at your table

C. it is customary to tip if “service not included” is printed on the bill

D. it is compulsory to tip even if the service is unsatisfying in some restaurants

25. When you pay by credit card,        .

A. the service charge can be added on the machine

B. the service chare must have been included in the bill automatically.

C. the service charge can’t be refused

D. the service charge needn’t be checked before you pay

26. If the British taxi meter shows 58.4 pounds, you are expected to pay      .

A. 58.4 pounds

B. 59 pounds

C. 61pounds

D. 64 pounds

27. What is the best title for the text?

A. Introduction of TripAdvisor. com

B. Occasions for Tipping

C. Advice on Tipping in Restaurants

D. British Ways to Tipping

C

Our perception of how food tastes is influenced by cultery like knives, forks, and spoons, research suggests.

“Size, weight, shape and color all have an effect on flavor,” says a University of Oxford team. Cheese tastes saltier when eaten from a knife rather than a fork; while white spoons make yoghurt taste better, experiments show.

The study in the journal Flavour suggests the brain makes judgments on food even before it goes in the mouth. More than 100 students took part in three experiments looking at the influence of weight, color and shape of cutlery on taste. The researchers found that when the weight of the cutlery is consistent with expectations, this had an influence on how the food tastes. For example, food tasted sweeter on the small spoons than are traditionally used to serve desserts.

Color contrast was also an important factor—white yoghurt eaten from a white spoon was rated sweeter that white yoghur tasted on a black spoon. Similarly, when testers were offered cheese on a knife, spoon, fork or toothpick, they found that the cheese on a knife tasted saltiest.

“How we experience food is a multisensory experience involving taste, feel of the food in our mouths, pleasant smells, and he feasting of our eyes, ”said Pro. Charles Spence and Dr. Vanessa Harrar. “ Even before we put food into our mouths, our brains have made a judgment about it, which affects our overall experience.”

Past research has shown that china can change our perception of food and drink. For example, people generally eat less when food is served on smaller plates. “The new research into how the brain influences food perception could help dieters or improve gastronomic(美食的)experiences at restaurants,” said Pro. Spence. He told BBC News: “There’s a lot more to food than what’s on the plate. Many things we thought didn’t matter do. We’re going to see a lot more of neuroscience(神经科学)design around mealtimes.”

28. According to the text, we know that the cheese used in the experiment is          .

A. salty

B. sour

C. sweet

D. bitter

29. What do we know about the weight of the cutlery in paragraph 3?

A. It is important for people.

B. People usually don’t care about it.

C. It affects how the food tastes.

D. It is always different from people’s expectation.

30. What does the underlined word “multisensory” in Paragraph 5 probably mean?

A. Coming from the senses.

B. Involving many different senses.

C. Able to feel or perceive.

D. Easily affected by other feelings.

31. What can we learn from the last paragraph?

A. Research on cutlery is of great importance.

B. Research into food will be continued in the future.

C. Research on the effect of nerves and taste of food will be done.

D. Research into plates and food will be carried out in the near future.

D

A“memory pill”that could aid exam revision and help to prevent people forgetting important anniversaries may soon be available over the counter.

The medicine has been designed originally to help treat Alzheimer’s disease, a disease marked by progressive loss of mental capacity resulting from weakening of the brain cells, but could be adapted and licensed for sale in a weaker form within the next few years.

One brand of memory-enhancing(增强记忆的)pill is being developed by the multinational company AstraZeneca together with Targacept, an American company, while Epix Pharmaceuticals, also from the US, is developing another.

Both have “Cognitive(认知的)-enhancing effects which are aimed at treating patients with age-related memory loss.

Steven Ferris, a neurologist and former committee member of the Food and Drug Administration in the US, has predicted that a milder version will be available for healthy consumers as a lifestyle pill available over the counter.

Dr. Ferris said: “My view is that one could gain approval, provided you showed the drugs to be effective and safe. It could be a huge market.”

There is evidence that mind-improving drugs are already being taken in Britain by healthy users.

Provigil, which was used to treat narcolepsy, is being taken by some students to help them stay awake. while Adderall XR and Ritalin, treatments for attention deficit disorder(注意力缺乏症), are being used to help promote concentration.

A spokesman of Adderall XR said: “We get a lot of calls from college campuses asking about it. “There are risks though. It can raise blood pressure, people shouldn’t do it.”

The Department of Health said it v as not illegal to buy the medicines over the Internet, but it was not recommended.

Barbara Sahakian, professor of clinical neuropsychology at Cambridge, said:“It’s hard to quantify the scale of the phenomenon but it’s definitely catching on. ’

“The reality is that we are not always at our best. After being up at night looking after the kids or travelling. many people would love to have something to refresh them. It’s not prohibited to drink Red Bull. The principle with cognition enhancers is not so different. ”

32. The “memory pill”, as is mentioned in the first paragraph, is not sold over the counter now mainly because      .

A. it is not safe enough

B. it is not efficient enough

C. it has not yet been mass-produced

D. it has not yet been tested on humans

33. Epix Phamaceuticals is developing a memory-enhancing pill for      .

A. adolescents

B. middle-aged people

C. senior citizens

D. pupils and students

34. What do we learn about the manufactures of Adderall XR?

A. They were proud that their drug was popular with college students.

B. They developed a milder version of the drug for healthy people.

C. They suggested that college students should not use the drug.

D. They produced the drug for helping promote concentration.

35. According to Barbara Sahakian, Red Bull           .

A. is not as effective as it is in reality.

B. is able to restore people’s energy.

C. involves as much risk as cognition enhancers.

D. has the same effect as cognition enhancers.

第二节(5小题:每小题2 , 满分10 )

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余项.

Two weeks before my 26th birthday, I conducted an experiment. When I mixed some powders together, they exploded. I he liquid hit me in the eyes, though I felt no pain.

I was taken to hospital, but the doctors didn’t know what to do with me. Later I was flown to Huouston for surgery. Between the ages of 27 and 29, I had 40 operations. 36 Eventually, it faded completely and I had my eyes removed.

37 Most blind people, even if they don’t have any sight they’re aware of, are still able to sense light. That gives them a sense of day and night. 38 

For many years, I felt my sight loss darkening my life like the loss of my parents form which I would never recover. 39 It rained to become a counselor(咨询师), and that has helped me see my experiences in a different way. I can’t fix people’s broken lives—just like I can’t fix my sight. However, I can help them find a way to manage.

All the struggles and negative experiences were in fact a kind of preparation for helping others. 40

A. So far, I was in pain and dark.

B. They would be thankful to you.

C. But I realized I had to find a way to live.

D. It makes their own way towards the light.

E. Since then, I have lived in total darkness.

F. I absolutely lost that sense of time passing.

G. As each operation came and went, my vision would change.

第三部分 (百强校英语解析团队专供)英语知识运用

第一节(20小题; 每小题1. 5, 满分30)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

I grew up believing Sahara Desert to be a faraway paradise of charm and freedom. For many years I 41 to meet these kind-hearted people there, to live in the simple but comfortable 42, and ride on the tall camels.

My dream came 43 last Christmas. My trip was filled with truthful human interaction, sincere friendship, and unavoidably, some 44, which have made the Sahara that once existed in my imagination suddenly 45.

Our trip began when our 46 and guide Hamid picked us up at dawn in Marrakesh. Five hours later 47 we began our long road trip, we passed through Hamid’s home where we were warmly 48 by Hamid’s mother. She led us into the 49 room and sat us down onto seats, Moments Inter, a huge bowl of chicken tagine(炖菜)served, our eyes sparkled. Seeing our 50, a huge smile spread across Hamin’s face.

After that hearty 51. Hamid’s family hugged us goodbye at the door. As Hamid’s car 52. I saw the 53 of his mother and brothers gradually disappearing against the desert, 54, a bittersweet sweet feeling rose in my heart 55 I was saying goodbye to old friends.

Hovever, no trip is perfect. Hamid once took us into 56 he called a “Berber Museum”, which has turned out to be a local carpet 57 whose talkative owner almost succeeded in 58 us to buy his carpets.

At that time I was a bit angry about what was happening. 59, looking back, I realized that tourism is about 60 the true spirit of a place, along with its happy surprises, and disappointment.

41. A . learned B. greed C. longed D. forgot

42. A . tents B. castles C. flats D. inns

43. A . right B. true C. along D. around

44. A. enjoyment B. puzzle C. sadness D. disappointment

45. A . real B. alive C. fresh D. magic

46. A. cook B. driver C. doctor D. salesman

47. A . when B. until C. after D. be fore

48. A. greeted B. praised C. thanked D. supported

49. A. reading B. smoking C. dressing D. dining

50. A. anxiety B. amusement C. excitement D. caution

51. A. cheers B. welcome C. handshake D. meal

52. A started up B. passed by C. slowed down D. drove away

53. A. shadows B. figures C. smiles D. statues

54. A. Deliberately B. Eventually C. Strangely D. Abruptly

55. A. as if B. in case C. now that D. even if

56. A. what B. where C. which D. that

57. A. factory B. shop C. company D. market

58. A. asking B. encouraging C. persuading D. begging

59. A. Therefore B. However C. Otherwise D. Moreover

60. A. expanding B. exposing C. expressing D. experiencing

第二卷(50 ) (请把答案写在答题卡上)

第二节(10 小题;每小题1. 5 分,满分15 )

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

I was telling my boy Sonny the story of the hare and the tortoise. In the end I said “Son, remember; Be slow and steady and you will win the race. Don’t you think there’s something lo learn 61 the tortoise?”

Sonny opened his eyes wide, “Do you mean next time when I’m entering for the 60-metre race, I should wish that Billy, Tony and Sandy would all fall asleep halfway?” I was 62 (shock), “But the tortoise didn’t wish that the hare 63 (fall) asleep!”

“ He must have wished that,” Sonny said, “Otherwise how could he be so 64 (fool) as to race with the hare? He knew very well the hare ran a hundred times faster than he himself did.”

“He didn’t have such a wish,”I insisted. “He won the race by perseverance and by 65(push) on steadily.”

Sonny thought for a while. “That’s 66 lie,”  he said. “He won it because he was 67 (luck). If the hare hadn’t happened 68 (fall) asleep, the tortoise would never have won the race. He could be as steady as you like, or a hundred times 69 (steady) but he’d never have won the race. That’s for sure.”

I gave up. Today’s children are not like 70 we used to be.

第四部分 写作(百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节, 满分35)

第一节: 短文改错(10小题; 每小题1分,满分10)
    假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
    增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
         2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

Do you know how it is that cats eat first and wash their hands and faces afterwards? One day a unlucky mouse was just about to be eaten with a cat. The mouse was quick-minded. He say to the cat, “Don’t you have any manner at all? Everyone knows you should wash your hands and face before you eat.” The cat ashamed of this and began to wash. Because the cat was washing happy, the mouse ran off. So the cat lost her meal. Ever since then cats have been eaten first and washed them afterwards.

第二节 书面表达(百强校英语解析团队专供)(满分25 )

下面是一则鹿城影院本周上演影片的海报。假设你是李华, 想约你校的美籍教师Paul在本周六一起去看这部由Tom Cruise主演的电影。请你根据海报内容给他发个email, 并约他晚上:6:45在影院门口碰面, 同时按图示告诉他两种从学校到鹿城影院的方式: 105 路公交车, 也可花15元直接坐出租车。

注意:

1. ◆105路公交车车站;

2. 信的格式已写好,结尾已给出, 不计入总词数:

3. 词数: 120左右。

 

Dear Paul,

                                                                                                

                                                                                                

Please reply me as soon as possible.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

 

 

河北省衡水中学2018届高三第十七次模拟考试

英语试题答案

听力:  

1-5 BACBA 6-10 CACAA 11-15BACAB 16-20 CABCB

阅读理解:

21-23 ADB   24-27 CABD   28-31 ACBC   32-35ACCB  36-40GEFCD

完形填空:

41-45 CABDA   46-50 BCADC   51-55 DDBCA   56-60 ABCBD

语法填空:

61.from   62 shocked 63.would fall   64.foolish 65.pushing

66.a   67.lucky   68.to fall   69.steadier   70.What

短文改错:

Do you know how it is that cats eat first and wash their hands and faces afterwards? One day a unlucky mouse

           why                                                            an

was just about to be eaten with a cat. The mouse was quick-minded. He say to the cat, “Don’t you have any manner

                     by                                   said                        manners

at all? Everyone knows you should wash your hands and face before you eat.” The cat/\ashamed of this and began to

                                                                    was

wash. Because the cat was washing happy, the mouse ran off. So the cat lost her meal. Ever since then cats have

     When/While             happily

been eaten first and washed them afterwards.

删除been             themselves

范文:

Dear Paul,

There is a wonderful American movie at Lucheng Cinema this Saturday evening called War Of The Worlds directed by Steven Spielberg with Tom Cruise playing the leading role, which lasts two hours, from 7:00 to 9:00p.m. Would you like to see the film with me?

There are two ways to get there. You can take a No.105 bus in front of our school and get off at Yang’er bus stop on Huancheng Road. Crossing the street, you’ll find the cinema right here. To save time, you can also take a taxi, which costs about 15 yuan. I’ll wait for you at the entrance of the cinema at 6:45 p.m.

Please reply me as soon as possible.

Yours,

Li Hua